Wednesday, May 28, 2008
Conductor and violinist. Born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, 1930, of American parents; raised in Los Angeles and Pittsburgh, studied conducting, violin and piano, joined Pittsburgh Symphony as violinist. He has served as music director of the Berlin Oper and Radio Symphony, then music director of Cleveland Orchestra, Vienna State opera, and Pittsburgh Symphony
(1860-1908), American composer, studied at the Paris Conservatory first, then at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt, taught there, later returned to US and taught at Boston, and Columbia University, served as the president of the Society of American Musicians and Composers. He composed 2 piano concertos, orchestral music, and piano pieces.
(1887-1947), Finnish composer, studied at the University of Helsinki under Sibelius, then went to Paris, Vienna and Berlin; returned to Finland and conducted the Helsinki Philharmonic and taught at the Music Academy, he composed , 2 operas, symphonic suites, chamber music, and songs.
Tuesday, May 27, 2008
(1860-1911), Austrian composer/conductor, studied in Vienna and Prague, debut as a conductor in 1880 at Summer Theater, Bad Hall, appointments followed at Ljubliana, Olomouc, Kassel, Prague, Leipzig, Budapest, Vienna, and N.Y Met, composed 10 symphonies(Das Lied von der Erde etc.), and songs.
(1890-1974), Swiss composer, studied mathematics and science before embarking music as a career, studied privately with various composers(R. Strauss, Mahler, Debussy and Schoenberg), later taught at Cologne, member of Academy of Saint Cecilia in Rome, Vienna Academy of Music. He composed orchestral music, ballet music etc.
(1885-1969), Italian tenor, studied in Milan, debut in 1908 as the messenger in Aida, La Scala debut in 1912, then sang in Covent Garden, London; NY Met, Chicago Lyric Opera, his most importrant roles were Radames, Canio, Otello, and Eleazar(La juive).
(1890-1959), Czech. composer, studied at the Prqgue Conservatory and Prague Organ School, went to Paris, Lisbon to continue his studies, visited US and taught at Tanglewood and Curtis, then moved to Switzerland. He composed operas, ballet music, orchestral pieces, chamber music etc.
(1863-1945), Italian composer,studied in Livorno first, then entered Milan Conservatory, conducted touring operetta company, later director of La Scala replacing Toscanini in 1929, he composed mainly operas - Cavalleria rusticana, Iris(Japanese story) etc.
(1842-1912), French composer, studied at the Paris Conservatory; won Prix de Rome in 1863 and subsequently studied in Rome; taught at the Paris Conservatory from 1878 until his death, his operas were successful and gaining popularity throughout in France, Italy and America during his time. He composed operas(Thais, Manon, Cherubin, Le jonleur de Notre-Dame etc), incidental music, orchestral suites, and songs.
(1884-1945), Irish tenor, after winning the National Irish Festival competition, went to Milan for further study, made his operatic debut in Savona, Italy, 1908. The following year he started his career as opera singer and sang in Covent Garden, Metropolitan Opera, Boston, Chicago, and Australia. Capacity crowds filled concert halls during his farewell tour of the US in 1937.
Sunday, May 25, 2008
(1936- ), conductor, born in India, studied piano and violin as a child, entered Vienna Academy, taking conducting lesson, in 1958 won the International Conducting Competition at Liverpool, and launched conducting career; conducted Vienna, Montreal, Los Angeles symphony orchestras, New York Philharmonic, and Israel Philharmonic, currently
(1763-1817), French composer, one of the great masters of French operas, studied at the convent in Givet, then in Paris. He composed operas and stage works, his symphonic technique finds echos in the music of Beethoven and Mendelssohn, both of whom admired Mehul's music.
(1861-1931), Australian soprano, studied in Paris with Marchesi, made her debut in Brussels(1887) as Gilda, then sang in most of opera houses of the world, later taught at the Melbourne Conservatory, one of the great operatic celebrities from the 1880's to WWI.
(1809-1847), German composer, he entered the Singakademie and began to compose, later studied at the Berlin University, traveled widely touring Italy, England, Weimar, Munich, Salzburg, and Vienna, became conductor of the Gewandhaus Orchestra of Leipzig. He composed 5 symphonies, 3 oratorios, 13 strin symphonies, overtures, 1 violin concerto, 3 piano concertos, and chamber music.
(1884-1966), Belgian composer/conductor, studied at the Lemmens Institute in Mechelen and then taught there, later conductor and director for Belgian Radio, composed 3 operas, several concertos(3 for violin, 2 for cello, 2 for piano, and 1 each for viola, and harp).
(1897-1986), Brazilian composer, studied at the Sao Paulo Conservatory then at Milan Conservatory; return to Brazil and taught at th Escola Nacional de Musica, his music is strongly nationalistic in flavor. He composed operas,ballets, and orchestral music.
Friday, May 23, 2008
Mitropoulos(1896-1960), Greek conductor/composer, studied at the Athens Conservatory and in Brussels, conducted Atthens Symphony, Minneaplos Symphony, New York Philharmonic, and Metropolitan Opera.
He composed orchestral music and chamber music.
Skalkottas(1904-1949), Greek composer, one of the most important Greek composers of the 20th-century music. A member of the 2nd Viennese School, he drew his influences from both the classical repertoire and the Greek tradition.
Thursday, May 22, 2008
(1567-1643), Italian composer, played viola at Mantua and studied composition, went to Venice and appointed as the maestro di Cappelle of St. Mar's of Venice, first composer to envision opera as a drama in music, he composed sacred music, and operas.
(1756-1791), Austrian composer, the greatest composer of the music history, he composed over 600 works: symphonies, operas, concertos, chamber music, church music, serenades, divermentos, vocal music.
For Mozart's 250th birthday stamps:
(1839-1881), Russian composer, studied piano from his mother, entered Cadet School of Guards in St. Petersburg, received music lessons from Balakirev, one of 'Mighty Five', comosed operas(Boris Godunov. Mlada etc.), orchestral music, piano pieces, and songs.
Wednesday, May 7, 2008
(1941- ), born in Naples, Italy, Conductor, studied piano at the Naples Conservatory and conducting at the Milan Conservatory, won the Guido Cantelli conducting competition in 1967, conduced in Florence, debut in US 1972 in Philadelphia, and succeeded Ormandy until 1992, conducted in La Scala, Covent Garden, Salzburg Festival, Munich, Paris etc., appointed music director of Chicago Symphony starting 2010.
(1737-1781), Czech. composer, studied philosophy at the Univ. of Prague, studied composition privately, and played violin in a church orchestra, Prague, then studied in Naples, his operas were successful in Italy, his operas drew great acclaim, and praise of Mozart, he composed operas, oratorios, symphonies, concertos, and chamber music
Monday, May 5, 2008
(1862-1901), American composer. He studied piano in Boston and Berlin, voice in Dresden. He had a fine individuality of expression, taught at Boston. He composed mainly songs - "The Rosary", "Mighty Like a Rose". His songs achieved immense popularity.
(1865-1931), Dannish composer, Studied in Royal College in Copenhagen, then in Germany with Wagner,
conducted at the Royal Theater, appoimted as the director of the Royal Conservatory in Copenhagen. He composed 2 operas, 6 symphonies, concertos(violin, flute), and chamber music.
(1918- ) Swedish soprano, studied at the Royal Academy of Music, Stockholm. made her debut in 1946 at the Royal Opera at Glyedebourne. Sang in Munich, Bayreuth, San Francisco, and Met ropolitan Opera, widely regarded as the finest Wagnerian soprano of her time, she retired from the stage in 1984.
(1870-1949), Czech. composer, studied at the Jindrichuv Hradec, Prague Univ. and Prague Conservatory, touring Moravia and Slovakia to collect folk music for experimention with folk song quotation and folklike melodies. He composed symphonies, orchestral music etc.
(1819-1880), German/French composer, born in Germany but settled in Paris, played cello with his brother and sister as a trio in local taverns, later played in Paris theaters, being called the Paganini of Cello, taking music lessons from Halevy and started composing operettas, gaining popularity throughout central Europe, composed mainly operettas(Orphee aux enfers, Les contes d'Hoffmann).
(1908-1974), Russian violinist, studied at the Odessa Conservatory; made his debut in Leningrad in 1928, won first prizes in the Ukranian Contest, All-Soviet Contest, and first prize in the Ysaye Contest in Brussels(1935).
(Oistrakh is the one standing and holding violin - portrait in the left is Shostakovich